Reducing vocal stereotypy in a student with autism spectrum disorder

Paper details: Conduct a literature review on your topic for your research paper. You should use a minimum of 5-7 sources. The goal is to support your research question, and identify a lead in to your study. <1000 words, including introduction

Be sure to:

Use APA formatting
Cite articles correctly
Keep articles in line with what you are researching (subjects, topic, procedures)
Analyze the literature, how does it support what you are doing?

Helpful Questions to Ask/Answer As You Go Through:

Identify the broad problem area, but avoid global statements
Early in the review, indicate why the topic being reviewed is important
Distinguish between research finding and other sources of information
Indicate why certain studies are important
If you are commenting on the timeliness of a topic, be specific in describing the time frame
If citing a classic or landmark study, identify it as such
If a landmark study was replicated, mention that and indicate the results of the replication
Discuss other literature reviews on your topic
Refer the reader to other reviews on issues that you will not be discussing in details
Justify comments such as, "no studies were found."
Avoid long lists of nonspecific references
If the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them separately
Cite all relevant references in the review section of thesis, dissertation, or journal article

For the research paper:
Topic: Reducing vocal stereotypy in a student with autism spectrum disorder
It will be a single subject research design (a 9-year old girl with ASD)
Should include an informed consent (1page)
Data sheet
Excel graph (ABAB design)

ABAB reversal design or other can be used
The dependent variable in this study is vocal stereotypy. Vocal stereotypy is defined as any occurrence by a participant of repeated sounds, grunts or hums not related to environmental events.

The independent variable in this study is DRO (Differential Reinforcement of Other Behavior) Differential Reinforcement procedure, in which the reinforcer was given as a reward in the absence of target behavior.

Use tokens, sweets, preferred activity and a card “quite voice”
The purpose of this study is to potentially explore the effect of applying the DRO procedure (differential reinforcement of other behavior) on the reduction of unwanted vocal stereotypy.
As a participant in the study a 9-year old student Maria with an autism spectrum disorder was tested, with a high-frequency manifestation of undesirable behavior that interferes with the acquisition of skills and socialization. Maria has been studying in the resource class. The child is non verbal, uses the PECS alternative communication system, and a small number of gestures. The study has been conducted in the resource class.

Vocal stereotypy manifests itself in the form of indistinct muttering, with a gradual increase in volume and laughter, dropping objects from the table is often observed, less often falling to the floor and laughing. The behavior has a different duration (fraqwom a few seconds to 2-3 minutes)

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